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Technology

Air Passengers, Switzerland 2009-2018

This week’s featured graphic provides an overview of the number of air passengers flying to Switzerland, 2009-2018.

Last week, the Schengen Agreement’s 25th anniversary was marked by closing rather than open borders due to the coronavirus crisis. But when the crisis finally subsides, increasing mobility will again pose challenges for Swiss and European border agencies. For an analysis of what new technologies mean for border controls in Europe, read Julian Kamasa’s CSS Analyses in Security Policy here.

Categories
Technology

How to Train Your AI Soldier Robots (and the Humans Who Command Them)

Image courtesy of Devin Rumbaugh/DVIDS.

This article was originally published by War on the Rocks on 21 February 2020.

Artificial intelligence (AI) is often portrayed as a single omnipotent force — the computer as God. Often the AI is evil, or at least misguided. According to Hollywood, humans can outwit the computer (“2001: A Space Odyssey”), reason with it (“Wargames”), blow it up (“Star Wars: The Phantom Menace”), or be defeated by it (“Dr. Strangelove”). Sometimes the AI is an automated version of a human, perhaps a human fighter’s faithful companion (the robot R2-D2 in “Star Wars”).

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Technology

The ESA and Switzerland

This week’s featured graphic provides an overview of the European Space Agency (ESA) member states and more. For an insight into space security and technological development, see Michael Haas’ CSS Analysis in Security Policy here.

Categories
Technology Peace

Mediation Perspectives: Artificial Intelligence in Conflict Resolution

Image courtesy of ev/Unsplash

Mediation Perspectives is a periodic blog entry that’s provided by the CSS’ Mediation Support Team and occasional guest authors.

How is artificial intelligence (AI) affecting conflict and its resolution? Peace practitioners and scholars cannot afford to disregard ongoing developments related to AI-based technologies – both from an ethical and a pragmatic perspective. In this blog, I explore AI as an evolving field of information management technologies that is changing both the nature of armed conflict and the way we can respond to it. AI encompasses the use of computer programmes to analyse big amounts of data (such as online communication and transactions) in order to learn from patterns and predict human behaviour on a massive scale. This is potentially useful for managing corporations and shaping markets, but also for gaining political influence, conducting psychological warfare and controlling populations.

Categories
Technology

The Ethical Upside to Artificial Intelligence

Image courtesy of DVIDS/Nathaniel Hamilton

This article was originally published by War on the Rocks on 20 January 2020. 

According to some, artificial intelligence (AI) is the new electricity. Like electricity, AI will transform every major industry and open new opportunities that were never possible. However, unlike electricity, the ethics surrounding the development and use of AI remain controversial, which is a significant element constraining AI’s full potential.