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Conflict Peace CSS Blog

CSS Mediation Perspectives: Settling an Armed Conflict with a Sworn Enemy

Image courtesy of Flickr. President Santos signing the peace agreement with the FARC on 26 September 2016. Less than a week later, the deal was rejected in a plebiscite.

Mediation Perspectives is a regular series of blog contributions by the CSS Mediation Support Team and occasional guest authors.

Intrastate conflicts are notoriously difficult to settle. In many regions of the world, from Afghanistan and Myanmar to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, citizens have grown up during war, only to see their children or even grandchildren born into continued conflict. That is not to say that long-standing enemies never manage to reach a negotiated settlement. In Colombia, after more than half a century of fighting, the government reached a peace agreement with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, FARC) in 2016. But implementation is slow, and the state remains at war with the country’s last guerrilla organization, the National Liberation Army (Ejército de Liberación Nacional, ELN).

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Economy Trade CSS Blog

Budget Support to Agriculture in Russia Compared to Other Countries

While support for innovations and the provision of digital technologies for agriculture are declared as being among the Russian government’s policy priorities, those activities are not prioritized in budgeting. This graphic compares the budget support to agriculture in Russia with that of other countries.

For more on the structure of agricultural production, trade development and agri-food policy in Russia, read this issue of the Russian Analytical Digest.

Categories
Internet Politics CSS Blog

Internet and Political Freedom in 2020

This week’s featured graphic compares the results of two Freedom House reports on political freedom and Internet freedom, which suggest there’s a link between the two.

For more on how Internet freedom is in retreat, read Julian Kamasa’s CSS Analysis in Security Policy here.

Categories
Trade CSS Blog

Top 5 Trading Partners of Algeria and Egypt

This week’s featured graphic provides an overview of Algeria and Egypt’s top trading partners. Russia’s absence from the top five trading partners list of either country highlights that despite Moscow’s revival of its ties with Cairo and Algiers, it remains overshadowed by other actors in the economic sphere.

To find out more about Russia’s strategy in the Middle East and North Africa, read Lisa Watanabe’s chapter for Strategic Trends 2019 here.

Categories
Security Coronavirus CSS Blog

Coordination of Volunteer Efforts in Post Disaster Stage

Large scale events like the COVID-19 pandemic and other factors are changing how we volunteer during disasters. This graphic points out objectives, principles and suggested actions to help the coordination of volunteers in the immediate aftermath of a disaster event.

For more on the integration of spontaneous and emergent volunteers in disaster management and civil protection, read Tim Prior and Florian Roth’s CSS Risk and Resilience Report on Volunteerism in Disaster Management.